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Kalasan Temple

Kalasan temple was found in Kalibening village, Sleman, around 16 km east a part of Yogyakarta. The temple inscription mentions, which is additionally called Kalibening temple, pertaining to the place wherever it settled. Another temple referred to as frock temple is settled shortly from Kalasan temple. Each of the temples have similarities in magnificence of the building and also swish carvings. Alternative distinctive characteristics found solely within the 2 temples are the presence of Vajralepa to coat the sculptures and reliefs on the outer facet of the wall.

The temple was designed by king or one who has authority over a selected space with numerous functions like a attend place, spiritual teaching, monastery, and administration center. The outline of temple was declared within the Kalasan inscription, written within the year of 778 AD. Kalasan inscription was written in Sanskrit language and Pranagari letter. The inscription describes that religious counselor of Syailendra family line had suggested King Tejapurnapana Panangkarana to create a frightened worship building and cloister for Buddhist monks. The king Balitung inscription (907 AD), Tejapurna Panangkarana refers to Rakai Panangkaran, son of king Sanjaya from Hindu Mataram kingdom.

Rakai Panangkaran was the second king of Hindu Mataram kingdom. King Sanjaya family line, friend of Hinduism and worship Shiva, was dominated the northern region of Central Java in year between 750 and 850 AD. It's treated by characteristics of temple round the district. Syailendra family line, friend of Buddhism’s sect, Mahayana and Tantryan was dominated southern district. The dominion separation was influenced to characteristics of temple that in-built every district. Each of dynasties finally were unified by the wedding of Rakai Pikatan Pikatan (838-851 AD) to Pramodawardhani, the son of king Samarattungga from Syailendra family.

To build frightened building to worship of Dewi town and Buddhist monk cloister, Rakai Panangkaran Hinduism was granted Kalasan village to Buddhism. It is calculable, which the temple building attributable to presence of place within temple where the sculpture of Dewi town accustomed placed. Buddhist monk cloister is frock temple, situated shortly from Kalasan temple.