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Komodo National Park

Komodo National Park consists of several islands with water-sea. The Islands is the habitat of dragons (Varanus komodoensis) the remaining ancient reptiles on earth. With its unique natural conditions, there is fairly broad savanna tree-lined palm (Borassus flabellifer). The layout of the area at west end East Nusa Tenggara, exactly in between Sumbawa and Flores. Administratively, the area is within Komodo District, West Manggarai. East Nusa Tenggara.



The Komodo National Park located at the confluence of 2 continents: Sahul and Sunda plates. The second friction plate raises huge volcanic eruptions that pressure causes the removal of coral reefs and volcanic phenomena, it made islands in Komodo National Park. West part of Komodo island expected to form the Jurassic era, or about 130 million years ago, whereas Padar and Rinca, thought to have formed about 49 million years ago in the era of eosin. The islands are constantly changing through a process of erosion and accumulation. Based on 1:250,000 scale geology by Van Bemmelen in 1949. The rock formations are scattered in park formation of andesite, volcanic deposits, and effusive formations.



There is topography undulating Komodo National Park, in the form of hills and mountains. In some places are steep slopes and steep with a slope of 80% and height ranging from 0-735 m. The highest mountain in the area is Mount Satalibo and it is located on Komodo Island and mount Ora Mountain is on Rinca Islands.



Komodo National Park area is greatly influenced by rainfall and high humidity levels. Climate is based on Schmidt and Ferguson classification type of climate is classified as type F or very dry. The dry season between April to October and wet months between November up to March. Rainfall in that region average 200-1500 mm per year. The temperatures range from 17-34 Celsius with an average humidity level of 36%.



Savanna dominated the islands with limited natural dry state sources of freshwater and hot temperatures are good habitat for reptiles Komodo dragons



Komodo National Park ecosystems affected by long climate resulting from drought, high temperature, and low rainfall. Besides, it is also because located in zone transition between flora and fauna of Asia and Australia. The ecosystem water is strongly influenced by the effects of El Nino, warming of the resulting coating surrounding water and it is often strong ocean currents.