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Komodo National Park
Komodo National Park is an area that consists of several islands with sea water. Islands is a habitat of animals dragons (Varanus komodoensis) the remaining ancient reptiles on earth. With its unique natural conditions, there is a fairly broad savanna tree lined palm (Borassus flabellifer). The layout of the area at the west end of East Nusa Tenggara, exactly in between the islands of Sumbawa and Flores. Administratively, the area is within Komodo District, West Manggarai - East Nusa Tenggara Province.
Komodo National Park is located at the confluence of two continent of Sahul and Sunda plates. The second friction plate raises huge volcanic eruptions that pressure causes removal of coral reefs and volcanic phenomena, it made islands in the Komodo National Park. West part of Komodo island expected to form the Jurassic era, or about 130 million years ago, whereas the area of East Komodo, Padar and Rinca, thought to have formed about 49 million years ago in the era of eosin. The islands are constantly changing through a process of erosion and accumulation. Based on 1:250,000 scale geology by Van Bemmelen in 1949, the rock formations are scattered in the Park is the formation of andesite, a volcanic deposits and effusive formations.
There topography undulating Komodo National Park, in the form of the hills and mountains. In some places are steep slopes and steep with a slope of 80% and a height ranging from 0-735 m. The highest mountain in the area is Mount Satalibo (735 meters above sea level) and is located on the island of Komodo, and Ora Mountain (667 meters above the sea level) on the island of Rinca.
Komodo National Park area is greatly influenced by rainfall and high humidity levels. Climate is based on Schmidt and Ferguson classification type of climate is classified as type F or very dry. Dry season between the months of April to October and wet months between November to March. Rainfall in that region average 200-1500 mm per year. Temperatures ranging from 17-34 Celsius with an average humidity level of 36%.
Savanna dominated the islands, with limited natural dry state sources of fresh water and hot temperatures are good habitat for reptiles Komodo dragons
Komodo National Park eco systems affected by the long climate resulting from drought, high temperature and low rain fall. Besides, it is also because it is located in a transition zone between the flora and fauna of Asia and Australia. Ecosystem waters is strongly influenced by the effects of El Nino, a warming of the resulting coating surrounding water and often strong ocean currents.