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Komodo National Park

Komodo National Park is area that consists of several islands with water-sea. The Islands is habitat of dragons (Varanus komodoensis) the remaining ancient reptiles on earth. With its unique natural conditions, there is fairly broad savanna tree lined palm (Borassus flabellifer). The layout of area at west end East Nusa Tenggara, exactly in between Sumbawa and Flores. Administratively, the area is within Komodo District, West Manggarai. East Nusa Tenggara.

Geology
Komodo National Park located at confluence of 2 continents: Sahul and Sunda plates. The second friction plate raises huge volcanic eruptions that pressure causes removal of coral reefs and volcanic phenomena, it made islands in Komodo National Park. West part of Komodo island expected to form the Jurassic era, or about 130 million years ago, whereas Padar and Rinca, thought to have formed about 49 million years ago in the era of eosin. The islands are constantly changing through a process of erosion and accumulation. Based on 1:250,000 scale geology by Van Bemmelen in 1949. The rock formations are scattered in Park formation of andesite, volcanic deposits and effusive formations.

Topography
There is topography undulating Komodo National Park, in the form of hills and mountains. In some places are steep slopes and steep with slope of 80% and height ranging from 0-735 m. The highest mountain in the area is Mount Satalibo and it is located on Komodo Island and mount Ora Mountain is on Rinca Island.

Climate
Komodo National Park area is greatly influenced by rainfall and high humidity levels. Climate is based on Schmidt and Ferguson classification type of climate is classified as type F or very dry. Dry season between the months of April to October and wet months between November up to March. Rainfall in that region average 200-1500 mm per year. The temperatures rang from 17-34 Celsius with an average humidity level of 36%.

Biotic
Savanna dominated the islands with limited natural dry state sources of fresh water and hot temperatures are good habitat for reptiles Komodo dragons

Flora
Komodo National Park eco systems affected by long climate resulting from drought, high temperature and low rain fall. Besides, it is also because located in zone transition between flora and fauna of Asia and Australia. The ecosystem water is strongly influenced by the effects of El Nino, warming of the resulting coating surrounding water and it is often strong ocean currents.