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Penataran temple is situated in Penataran village, Nglegok district, Blitar, East Java, Indonesia. Located at the foot of Mount Kelud, it makes the air cool in Penataran temple area. The temple complex is the largest and most well preserved monument in the province of East Java. Penataran temple is rich with various reliefs, statues, and a Hindu-style structures. There Kala sculptures, statues Ganesha, Dwarapala statues, and reliefs of Ramayana is the proof that the temple is a Hindu temple upgrading.
Palah inscription is in the temple area Penataran temple indicate that the temple was built around the year 1194, in the reign of the kingdom of Kadiri Syrenggra and finished in the kingdom of Majapahit. That way, we can say that the temple is through the three great kingdoms archipelago, namely: the kingdom of Kadiri, Singasari and Majapahit. Upgrading temple has an important role for the royal kingdom, which is used as the appointment of the king as well as a place for worship ceremony of the Creator.
Described in the book of Negarakertagama written by Mpu Prapanca, which explains that the Penataran temple is highly respected by kings and royal officials in the region of East Java. Penataran temple never store ashes Rajasa king Ken Arok as the founder of the kingdom Singasari, and also ash king Raden Wijaya Kertarajasa Jayawardhana or as the founder of the kingdom of Majapahit. According to local folk legend, Gajah Mada declared the Palapa oath to unite the whole archipelago in the power of Majapahit, spoken in the Penataran temple.